Based in particular on the artificial intelligence advances and on adaptive hypermedia, adaptive learning is a personalized training mode that uses technologies, not only to transmit content to the learner and to evaluate his/her performance but also to adapt it for him/her.
The technological devices used allow to adapt learning – in particular in eLearning – to the objectives, preferences, and knowledge of the learner, as well as to his/her performances and his/her way of interacting with the system. Among those devices, there are expert systems, interactive tests, and tutorials.
Note: The evolution of Web 2.0 propelled the development of devices that allow interaction and personalization especially in eLearning. The growth of big data, generated by digital technologies, is also indissociable from the development of adaptive learning.
Another term used: intelligent adaptive learning