1. True or false? The best way to activate your neurons – and thus start the learning process – is to reread the lesson you need to master.
2. Which of the following statements about memory retrieval training is incorrect?
A) This “feedback” step is crucial for learning because it sends a signal to the brain that helps encode the response.
B) This “feedback” step is crucial to learning because it allows the brain to correct the answer if it is wrong, preventing the unfortunate encoding of errors.
C) If you are the teacher or other person responsible for giving feedback to the learner, it is advisable to provide the correct answer up front rather than giving the learner time or cues to find it on their own.
D) There are two types of feedback: feedback that confirms a correct answer is called “positive,” and feedback that corrects an incorrect answer is called “negative. While positive feedback is particularly influential in learning, negative feedback also has its place.
3. Which of the following study techniques were rated highly effective in a study published in the Psychological Science in the Public Interest?
A) Practice testing and distributed practice
B) Elaborate interrogation, self-explanation and interspersed practice
C) Summaries, highlighting/underlining, mnemonic keywords, text imaging, and proofreading
4. True or false? Observing our fellow human beings is not only our first mode of learning; it also remains one of the most effective even in adulthood.
5. Select the correct term to complete the following statements.
Terms: memorization, recharge, brain capacity, task
To be successful in learning, the learner must…
A) learn to control their attentional system by avoiding situations where they are exposed to doing more than one ________ at a time (Jean-Philippe Lachaux, cognitive neuroscientist and attention specialist)
B) have confidence in one’s own ________ since, with the exception of specific cases of learning disabilities, we can all learn as long as we make an effort (Stanislas Dehaene, neuroscientist and professor of cognitive psychology)
C) keep the brain “actively engaged” by alternating review activities that encourage ________: rephrasing, diagramming, questioning, being questioned, etc. (Steve Masson, professor of neuroeducation)
D) help the brain to stop and ________ so that it can continue to have the desire and energy to learn. Learners must “strategically” make sure that they do not call upon the same cognitive structures, the same reflexes, the same systems of thought, the same habits that they normally use when the brain works, when it expends energy. From this point of view, it is important to diversify one’s interests and to dare to take on new challenges, including in one’s leisure time. (Guillaume Dulude, neuropsychologist)