1. True or false? Ancient Greek philosophers were already asking questions about education after “youth”.
2. Knowles’ model includes five assumptions about the adult learner’s characteristics, from which four principles are derived that should be considered in any training aimed at adults. Which of the following principles is incorrect?
A) The adult must be involved in his or her learning.
B) Learning activities must be based on experience and the right to make mistakes.
C) The knowledge and skills taught must be related to and have a tangible, short-term impact on the adult’s professional or personal life.
D) Learning should be focused on memorising content rather than problem-solving.
3. Which of the following statements is/are true about informal learning?
A) The most common notion of informal learning is that of experience or “self-directed” experience.
B) Informal learning is particularly relevant to the needs of today’s and tomorrow’s labour market.
C) Its advantages include flexibility, responsiveness to specific needs, and the ability to acquire knowledge quickly.
D) Its main weakness is that, although ubiquitous, it is paradoxically “invisible” since it is outside the institutional educational structures.
E) Another weakness is that it cannot be offered online.
4. Select the correct term to complete each of the following tips for adult-friendly online training.
Terms: the role of the trainer, social presence online, some control, quality
A) Provide choice: The learner likes to have ________ over his or her learning path. You can allow them to choose the order in which they can complete modules or lessons.
B) Act on extrinsic factors: Extrinsic factors are of great interest in elearning design because we can act directly on them. Among those that stand out the most are the teaching and learning process, ________ and the elearning environment.
C) Foster ________: The interaction individuals have with their social environment strongly influences their learning. And this doesn’t just apply to children!
D) Focus on ________: This is true for the content as well as the presentation of the training, and it is a point we cannot stress enough. Whether it’s in the choice of colour palette or the visual appeal of the graphics, animated video or filmed scenario, the visuals must be thoughtful and carefully executed.
5. Which of the following statements about self-training is incorrect?
A) Educating oneself in one’s spare time is always self-training.
B) Researchers agree that self-training is an approach that leads to increased control by the individual over his or her learning and a variety of stages and components of learning.
C) Self-training is distinct from individualisation in education, experiential learning and distance learning.
D) Over time, the notions of autonomy, empowerment and project have been recognised as key concepts in the self-training process.